South India

15 tours to explore

South India includes most of the Western Ghats, the mountain chain that runs parallel to the west coast as far north as south Gujarat. This area, also known as the Sahyadris, receives high rainfall, and its montane cloud forests strongly influence the overall Indian monsoon. The unique shola ecosystem of tropical evergreen forest patches amongst high altitude montane grasslands, reaches a peak of almost 2,700 m in Eravikulam National Park in Kerala. The entire 1,600 km range is interrupted only by the 30 km wide Palghat Gap, separating the Nilgiri Hills to the north from the Anaimalai Hills to the south. This has acted as a barrier and isolated populations of some birds, resulting in species diversification, such as with the White-bellied Shortwing, now recognised as Nilgiri Sholakili north of the gap, and White-bellied Sholakili to the south; and with the now four species of Chilappan, formerly Nilgiri and Grey-breasted Laughingthrushes.

Older than the Himalayas, the Western Ghats are a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the world’s most significant biodiversity hotspots, with a very high level of endemism. Despite being just 6% of India’s land area, the Western Ghats hold more than 30% of all bird, mammal, reptile, amphibian, fish and plant species. Nearly 40 bird species are endemic here, with several more only found in Sri Lanka otherwise. Nilgiri Woodpigeon, Sri Lanka Bay Owl, Malabar Trogon, Sri Lanka Frogmouth, Black-and-orange Flycatcher, Wayanad Laughingthrush, Nilgiri Thrush and Nilgiri Pipit are some of the more desirable target species. Endangered mammals such as Lion-tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Tahr and Nilgiri Langur are also unique to the region.

The entire region of South India covers the southernmost states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, as well as Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, and the popular west coast state of Goa. The islands of Andaman & Nicobar in the Bay of Bengal, officially part of East India, as well as Lakshadweep in the Arabian Sea, are included here as they are often visited on a southern India tour. For the best possible selection of endemic birds, and all-round experience of the region, we recommend the Western Ghats Endemics tour.

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Black-and-orange Flycatcher Short Birding Break
6 days

Endemic Birds of the Nilgiris

This tour focuses on the endemic birds of the Nilgiris in Western Ghats of South India, one of the 36… 

Great Knot Short Birding Break
7 days

Birdwatching in Goa—Western Ghats & Arabian Sea

Short birding break to Goa, on the Arabian Sea. Famous of course as one of India's prime beach destinations, with… 

Malabar Trogon Short Birding Break
6 days

Kerala Birding—Thattekad & Munnar

This tour focuses on the endemic birds of the Western Ghats of Kerala, one of the 36 global biodiversity hotspots… 

Nilgiri Flycatcher Short Birding Break
4 days

Ooty and the Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu

Short birding break to Ooty, a popular hill station in the Nilgiri Hills in Tamil Nadu, situated at an altitude… 

Crimson-backed Sunbird Short Birding Break
4 days

Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala

Short birding break to Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve. The park is a diverse ecosystem, with tropical evergreen and… 

Great Hornbill Short Birding Break
4 days

Valparai and Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu

Short birding break to Valparai, a pristine hill station in Tamil Nadu, bordering the Anamalai and Parambikulam Tiger Reserves, Eravikulam… 

Leopard Short Birding Break
4 days

Kabini, Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka

Short birding break to Nagarhole (or Rajiv Gandhi) National Park, Karnataka. Part of the overall Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and, together… 

Great Knot Short Birding Break
4 days

Goa Coast and Ghats Birding

Short birding break to Goa, on the Arabian Sea. Famous of course as one of India's prime beach destinations, with… 

Blue-bearded Bee-eater Short Birding Break
4 days

Mudumulai National Park and Masinagudi, Tamil Nadu

Short birding break to Mudumalai National Park, Tamil Nadu. Part of a much larger contiguous forest encompassing Nagarhole in Karnataka… 

Nilgiri Pipit Short Birding Break
4 days

Munnar and Eravikulam National Park, Kerala

Short birding break to Munnar in Kerala tea country. The pockets of shola forest and mountain grassland ecosystem are a… 

Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Short Birding Break
4 days

Thattekad, Kerala

Short birding break to Thattekad, staying at Soma Birds Lagoon. An evergreen lowland forest, Thattekad—including the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary—is… 

15 days $3,890

Western Ghats Endemic Birds

This tour focuses on the endemic birds of the Western Ghats of South India, one of the 36 global biodiversity… 

Andaman & Nicobar Islands Endemic Birds

This tour is a special exploratory tour concentrating on the Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar in particular. Only in recent years… 

6 days $1,425

Andamans Endemic Birds

Pristine beaches, clear waters, sandy shores and beautiful sunsets make the Andaman Islands a tropical idyll. But the main interest… 

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