Birds and Birding in India

Great Indian Bustard

Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps is one of India’s rarest birds, in grave danger of extinction. Found mostly in Rajasthan’s Desert National Park, its total population is only about 150 birds.

Their population is threatened by development of grasslands, hunting, strikes with power lines, and free-ranging dogs. A conservation breeding centre has been recently set up.

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Run 24 for Snow Leopards

Run 24 for Snow Leopards. Whilst Covid-19 has stopped us from watching Snow Leopards in Hemis National Park as planned, we will instead support Charu Mishra, Executive Director of the Snow Leopard Trust, as he runs for 24 hours consecutively to raise awareness for endangered species and ecosystems.

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Ibisbill

Ibisbill (Ibidorhyncha struthersii is a charismatic and uncommon wader seen in the Himalayas and foothills in India. It is monotypic—the only member of its family (Ibidorhynchidae)—and thus a key target for birders. Jim Corbett National Park is one of the best places to see it.

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Corbett Tiger Reserve

Jim Corbett National Park, officially Corbett Tiger Reserve—and popularly known purely as Corbett—is a fabulous wildlife destination in northern India. Corbett National Park is located near Ramnagar in the state of Uttarakhand. Nestled at the foothills of the mighty Himalayas, Corbett is a spectacular landscape, famous for Bengal Tiger and Asian Elephants.

The mountains and foothills harbour diverse avifauna, such as Ibisbill, Lesser Fish Eagle, Tawny Fish Owl, Great Slaty Woodpecker, Wallcreeper and Himalayan Rubythroat, and attract flocks of birdwatchers from around the globe every year. At least 512 bird species, including migrants and residents, have been reliably recorded (as per eBird) in and around Corbett.

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Austen’s Brown Hornbill

Austen’s Brown Hornbill is one of the rarest hornbills in India, only regularly seen at Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh and Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam.

It is a “cooperative” breeding hornbill, with the female taken care of my its mate and his “helpers”. Habitat destruction and fragmentation, plus hunting, have had a significant impact on the population. Thankfully there are some positive signs: read on for more about the status, identification and behaviour of Brown Hornbills, and where to see them in India

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Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary

The Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary and the adjoining Jeypore Reserve Forest in Assam form 200 sq km of the last remaining lowland tropical rainforests in India.

Huge hunting parties of birds are a feature, with some of the speciality birds including Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush, Red-headed Trogon, Oriental Bay Owl and the rare Austen’s Brown Hornbill.

Read our guide to the habitat, the birds, the animals (seven species of cats!), and all about visiting Dehing Patkai.

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Bugun Liocichla

Bugun Liocichla is one of the rarest birds in the world, with only about 14 birds living in a 2 sq km area near Lama Camp in Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh.

Read about the discovery of the bird, described as new to science in 2006, and see photos and videos. Most importantly, tips for visiting Eaglenest and being able to see it for yourself!

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Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary

Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh is arguably the most important birding site in the Eastern Himalayas of India.

The forest supports about 500 species and is the only place in the world to see the recently discovered Bugun Liocichla.

Other highlights of a birding trip here include Blyth’s and Temminck’s Tragopans, Ward’s Trogon, Rufous-necked Hornbill, Sikkim Wedge-billed Babbler, Fire-tailed Myzornis and Beautiful Nuthatch.

After reading this invaluable guide to the birding locations at Eaglenest, and seeing some of the birds present there, we guarantee you’ll be planning your trip very soon!

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Checklists of the Birds of India by State

Checklists of the birds of India, for each individual state. These are the most accurate bird checklists available, based on actual verified sightings from eBird.

Each checklist gives relative abundance, or an assessment of how likely you are to see each species at any time of year.

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India Checklists

Checklists of the birds of India, for the entire country as well as each individual state.

These are the most accurate bird checklists available, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and updated to IOC taxonomy: differences between IOC and eBird/Clements are listed.

Each checklist indicates endemics and near endemics and shows the IUCN red list status indicating globally threatened species, and is fully searchable and filterable. State checklists also show how likely you are to see each species at any time of the year.

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Checklist of the Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Checklist of the birds of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Lakshadweep

Checklist of the birds of Lakshadweep islands, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded on the Lakshadweep islands, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of West Bengal

Checklist of the birds of West Bengal state, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in West Bengal, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Bihar

Checklist of the birds of Bihar state, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Bihar, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Jharkhand

Checklist of the birds of Jharkhand state, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Jharkhand, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Odisha

Checklist of the birds of Odisha state, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Odisha, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Sikkim

Checklist of the birds of Sikkim state, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Sikkim, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Uttarakhand

Checklist of the birds of Uttarakhand state, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Uttarakhand, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Chandigarh

Checklist of the birds of Chandigarh union territory, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Chandigarh, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Himachal Pradesh

Checklist of the birds of Himachal Pradesh state, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Himachal Pradesh, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Uttar Pradesh

Checklist of the birds of Uttar Pradesh state, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Uttar Pradesh, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Punjab

Checklist of the birds of Punjab state, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Punjab, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Puducherry

Checklist of the birds of Puducherry union territory, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Puducherry, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Dadra and Nagar Haveli

Checklist of the birds of Dadra and Nagar Haveli union territory, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Dadra and Nagar Haveli, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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Checklist of the Birds of Daman and Diu

Checklist of the birds of Daman and Diu union territory, using IOC taxonomy. The most accurate bird checklist available, showing all species ever recorded in Daman and Diu, based on actual verified sightings from eBird, and linking to detailed seasonal range maps.

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