Birds and Birding in India

Western Ghats Endemic Birds – Trip Report, January 2020

Systematic List

Number in parentheses indicates the number of different days on which the species was recorded.

★ Endemic ☆ Near Endemic

Birds

Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl Anatidae

       1.            Lesser Whistling Duck Dendrocygna javanica (2)

Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies Phasianidae

       2.            Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus ☆ (2)
       3.            Red Spurfowl Galloperdix spadicea ★ (2)
       4.            Painted Bush Quail Perdicula erythrorhyncha ★ (1)
       5.            Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus ☆ (1)
       6.            Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii ★ (10)

Pigeons and Doves Columbidae

       7.            Rock Dove Columba livia (2)
       8.            Nilgiri Wood Pigeon Columba elphinstonii ★ (3)
       9.            Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis (8)
   10.            Common Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica (4)
   11.            Grey-fronted Green Pigeon Treron affinis ★ (5)
   12.            Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea (1)
   13.            Mountain Imperial Pigeon Ducula badia (4)

Cuckoos Cuculidae

   14.            Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis (7)
   15.            Blue-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus viridirostris ☆ (2)
   16.            Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus (1)
   17.            Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus (2)
   18.            Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii (5)
   19.            Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerinus ☆ (1)
   20.            Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus dicruroides (1)
   21.            Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides (1)
   22.            Common Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx varius ☆ (8)
   23.            Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus (1)

Frogmouths Podargidae

   24.            Sri Lanka Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger ☆ (2)

Nightjars and Allies Caprimulgidae

   25.            Jungle Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus ☆ (1)
   26.            Jerdon’s Nightjar Caprimulgus atripennis ☆ (1)

Swifts Apodidae

   27.            White-rumped Spinetail Zoonavena sylvatica ☆ (3)
   28.            Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus (1)
   29.            Indian Swiftlet Aerodramus unicolor ☆ (4)
   30.            Little Swift Apus affinis (1)
   31.            Asian Palm Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis (3)

Treeswifts Hemiprocnidae

   32.            Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronata (1)

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots Rallidae

   33.            White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus (3)

Plovers and Lapwings Charadriidae

   34.            Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus (2)

Sandpipers and Allies Scolopacidae

   35.            Pin-tailed Snipe Gallinago stenura (2)

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers Laridae

   36.            Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica (1)
   37.            Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida (3)
   38.            River Tern Sterna aurantia (2)

Storks Ciconiidae

   39.            Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans (2)

Anhingas Anhingidae

   40.            Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster (1)

Cormorants and Shags Phalacrocoracidae

   41.            Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger (4)
   42.            Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo (3)
   43.            Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis (2)

Pelicans Pelecanidae

   44.            Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis (1)

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns Ardeidae

   45.            Grey Heron Ardea cinerea (2)
   46.            Purple Heron Ardea purpurea (2)
   47.            Great Egret Ardea alba (1)
   48.            Intermediate Egret Ardea intermedia (4)
   49.            Little Egret Egretta garzetta (5)
   50.            Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus (4)
   51.            Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii (6)
   52.            Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax (2)

Osprey Pandionidae

   53.            Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus (1)

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites Accipitridae

   54.            Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus (1)
   55.            Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus (6)
   56.            Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes (1)
   57.            Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela (6)
   58.            Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus (1)
   59.            Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus (3)
   60.            Legge’s Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti ☆ (2)
   61.            Rufous-bellied Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii (1)
   62.            Black Eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis (4)
   63.            Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga (2)
   64.            Bonelli’s Eagle Aquila fasciata (2)
   65.            Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus (1)
   66.            Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus (4)
   67.            Shikra Accipiter badius (3)
   68.            Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus (4)
   69.            Common Buzzard Buteo buteo (1)

Barn-Owls Tytonidae

   70.            Sri Lanka Bay Owl Phodilus assimilis ☆ (1)

Owls Strigidae

   71.            Indian Scops Owl Otus bakkamoena ☆ (3)
   72.            Oriental Scops Owl Otus sunia (2)
   73.            Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis (1)
   74.            Brown Fish Owl Ketupa zeylonensis (1)
   75.            Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum ☆ (4)
   76.            Brown Wood Owl Strix leptogrammica (1)
   77.            Brown Hawk-Owl Ninox scutulata (2)

Trogons Trogonidae

   78.            Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus ☆ (4)

Hoopoes Upupidae

   79.            Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops (1)

Hornbills Bucerotidae

   80.            Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis (3)
   81.            Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus ★ (6)

Kingfishers Alcedinidae

   82.            Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis (1)
   83.            Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting (1)
   84.            Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis (1)
   85.            White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis (9)
   86.            Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis (1)

Bee-eaters Meropidae

   87.            Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis (3)
   88.            Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus (2)
   89.            Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti (5)

Rollers Coraciidae

   90.            Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis (2)
   91.            Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis (2)

Asian Barbets Megalaimidae

   92.            Malabar Barbet Psilopogon malabaricus ★ (8)
   93.            Coppersmith Barbet Psilopogon haemacephalus (4)
   94.            White-cheeked Barbet Psilopogon viridis ★ (12)

Woodpeckers Picidae

   95.            Heart-spotted Woodpecker Hemicircus canente (4)
   96.            Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Yungipicus nanus ☆ (1)
   97.            Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus (8)
   98.            Common Flameback Dinopium javanense (1)
   99.            Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense ☆ (5)
100.            Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus (2)
101.            Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus (1)
102.            White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis (2)

Falcons and Caracaras Falconidae

103.            Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus (3)
104.            Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus (1)

Old World Parrots Psittaculidae

105.            Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri (3)
106.            Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala ☆ (7)
107.            Blue-winged Parakeet Psittacula columboides ★ (10)
108.            Vernal Hanging Parrot Loriculus vernalis (10)

Pittas Pittidae

109.            Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura ☆ (3)

Cuckooshrikes Campephagidae

110.            Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus (4)
111.            Orange Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus ☆ (11)
112.            Black-headed Cuckooshrike Lalage melanoptera ☆ (4)

Old World Orioles Oriolidae

113.            Indian Golden Oriole Oriolus kundoo (4)
114.            Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus (6)

Woodswallows, Bellmagpies, and Allies Artamidae

115.            Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus (3)

Vangas, Helmetshrikes, and Allies Vangidae

116.            Malabar Woodshrike Tephrodornis sylvicola ★ (3)
117.            Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus (1)
118.            Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus (3)

Ioras Aegithinidae

119.            Common Iora Aegithina tiphia (3)

Fantails Rhipiduridae

120.            White-spotted Fantail Rhipidura albogularis ★ (1)

Drongos Dicruridae

121.            Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus (1)
122.            Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus (10)
123.            White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens ☆ (1)
124.            Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus (5)
125.            Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus (9)

Monarch Flycatchers Monarchidae

126.            Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea (2)
127.            Indian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi (4)

Shrikes Laniidae

128.            Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus (5)
129.            Bay-backed Shrike Lanius vittatus (1)
130.            Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach (3)

Crows, Jays, and Magpies Corvidae

131.            Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda (6)
132.            White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra ★ (5)
133.            House Crow Corvus splendens (4)
134.            Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos (12)

Fairy Flycatchers Stenostiridae

135.            Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis (3)

Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice Paridae

136.            Cinereous Tit Parus cinereus (8)

Larks Alaudidae

137.            Jerdon’s Bush Lark Mirafra affinis ☆ (1)

Cisticolas and Allies Cisticolidae

138.            Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius (4)
139.            Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii (2)
140.            Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica ☆ (1)
141.            Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis ☆ (2)
142.            Plain Prinia Prinia inornata (1)

Reed Warblers and Allies Acrocephalidae

143.            Thick-billed Warbler Arundinax aedon (2)
144.            Blyth’s Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum (7)

Swallows Hirundinidae

145.            Dusky Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne concolor (4)
146.            Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica (3)
147.            Hill Swallow Hirundo domicola ☆ (4)
148.            Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica (4)
149.            Common House Martin Delichon urbicum (1)

Bulbuls Pycnonotidae

150.            Flame-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus gularis ★ (4)
151.            Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer (8)
152.            Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus (10)
153.            White-browed Bulbul Pycnonotus luteolus ☆ (1)
154.            Yellow-browed Bulbul Acritillas indica ☆ (12)
155.            Square-tailed Bulbul Hypsipetes ganeesa ☆ (4)

Leaf Warblers Phylloscopidae

156.            Tytler’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus tytleri ☆ (1)
157.            Tickell’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus affinis (2)
158.            Green Warbler Phylloscopus nitidus (7)
159.            Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides (10)
160.            Large-billed Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris (6)
161.            Western Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus occipitalis ☆ (3)

White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies Zosteropidae

162.            Indian White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus ☆ (6)

Tree-Babblers, Scimitar-Babblers, and Allies Timaliidae

163.            Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra ☆ (2)
164.            Dark-fronted Babbler Rhopocichla atriceps ☆ (1)
165.            Indian Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus horsfieldii ★ (8)

Ground Babblers and Allies Pellorneidae

166.            Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficeps (1)

Laughingthrushes and Allies Leiothrichidae

167.            Brown-cheeked Fulvetta Alcippe poioicephala (4)
168.            Large Grey Babbler Argya malcolmi ☆ (1)
169.            Rufous Babbler Argya subrufa ★ (1)
170.            Jungle Babbler Argya striata ☆ (7)
171.            Yellow-billed Babbler Argya affinis ☆ (3)
172.            Wayanad Laughingthrush (Wynaad Laughingthrush) Pterorhinus delesserti ★ (1)
173.            Nilgiri Laughingthrush Montecincla cachinnans ★ (1)
174.            Palani Laughingthrush Montecincla fairbanki ★ (3)

Nuthatches Sittidae

175.            Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis (10)

Starlings Sturnidae

176.            Southern Hill Myna Gracula indica ☆ (8)
177.            Malabar Starling Sturnia blythii ★ (5)
178.            Common Myna Acridotheres tristis (3)
179.            Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus (3)

Thrushes and Allies Turdidae

180.            Orange-headed Thrush Geokichla citrina (4)
181.            Indian Blackbird Turdus simillimus ☆ (6)

Old World Flycatchers Muscicapidae

182.            Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica (4)
183.            Brown-breasted Flycatcher Muscicapa muttui (6)
184.            Indian Robin Copsychus fulicatus ☆ (1)
185.            Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis (5)
186.            Nilgiri Blue Robin Sholicola major ★ (1)
187.            White-bellied Blue Robin Sholicola albiventris ★ (2)
188.            White-bellied Blue Flycatcher Cyornis pallidipes ★ (3)
189.            Blue-throated Blue Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides (2)
190.            Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae (4)
191.            Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus ★ (5)
192.            Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus (2)
193.            Indian Blue Robin Larvivora brunnea (2)
194.            Malabar Whistling Thrush Myophonus horsfieldii ★ (7)
195.            Black-and-orange Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa ★ (3)
196.            Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Ficedula ruficauda ☆ (2)
197.            Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra ☆ (1)
198.            Blue-capped Rock Thrush Monticola cinclorhyncha ☆ (2)
199.            Pied Bush Chat Saxicola caprata (5)

Flowerpeckers Dicaeidae

200.            Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile (3)
201.            Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorhynchos ★ (1)
202.            Nilgiri Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor ★ (11)

Sunbirds and Spiderhunters Nectariniidae

203.            Purple-rumped Sunbird Leptocoma zeylonica (4)
204.            Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima ★ (7)
205.            Purple Sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus (4)
206.            Loten’s Sunbird Cinnyris lotenius ☆ (2)
207.            Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra (1)

Fairy-bluebirds Irenidae

208.            Asian Fairy-bluebird Irena puella (7)

Leafbirds Chloropseidae

209.            Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons (6)

Waxbills and Allies Estrildidae

210.            Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata (1)

Old World Sparrows Passeridae

211.            House Sparrow Passer domesticus (3)
212.            Yellow-throated Sparrow Gymnoris xanthocollis (1)

Wagtails and Pipits Motacillidae

213.            Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus (1)
214.            Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea (11)
215.            White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis ☆ (5)
216.            Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus (4)
217.            Nilgiri Pipit Anthus nilghiriensis ★ (1)

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies Fringillidae

218.            Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus (4)

Mammals

       1.            Slender Loris Loris lydekkerianus

One at day roost at Urulanthanni, Thattekad.

       2.            Bonnet Macaque Macaca radiata
       3.            Nilgiri Langur Trachypithecus johnii
       4.            South-eastern Langur Semnopithecus priam
       5.            Indian Muntjac Muntiacus muntjak
       6.            Sambar Rusa unicolor
       7.            Spotted Deer Axis axis
       8.            Gaur Bos gaurus
       9.            Nilgiri Tahr Nilgiritragus hylocrius

One at Eravikulam National Park.

   10.            Indian Wild Pig Sus scrofa

Top Slip.

   11.            Nilgiri Marten Martes gwatkinsii

Scat found at Pampadum Shola National Park was believed to be from a Nilgiri Marten, or possibly a civet (such as Brown Palm Civet).

   12.            Indian Giant Squirrel Ratufa indica
   13.            Indian Giant Flying Squirrel Petaurista philippensis

One at Periyar Tiger Reserve.

   14.            Three-striped Palm Squirrel Funambulus palmarum
   15.            Dusky Striped Squirrel Funambulus sublineatus
   16.            Indian Flying Fox Pteropus giganteus

Small roost in Kumily, near Periyar National Park.

Other

Butterflies

       1.            Southern Birdwing Troides minos
       2.            Malabar Banded Peacock Papilio buddha

One at Periyar Tiger Reserve.

Snakes

       1.            Dussumier’s Water Snake Dieurostus dussumieri

One crossed the road near Thattekad at night and was thought to be this species, also known as Kerala Mud Snake, endemic to Kerala.

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